For many residents the spring and summer are our favorite and most active seasons.  The sun is out longer, school is either winding down or no longer in session, and typically more of us humans are out and about enjoying all he various outdoor activities and functions this time of year enables.  Unfortunately, the spring and summer also prove to be a very active seasons for the pesky, blood sucking, and disease carrying-menace, the mosquito.  As of September 2012, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a joint statement on mosquito control in the United States and reported that “mosquito-borne diseases are among the world’s leading causes of illness and death”.   The following information below will address basic information on mosquitoes, proactive strategies related to habitat modification for optimal mosquito population reduction, additional educational material links, and whom to contact for mosquito control.

The EPA and CDC identify that the early stages of the mosquito’s life cycle are aquatic.  This means that young mosquitoes are dependent upon maturing in a water-based environment.  The CDC and EPA also report that mosquitoes have adapted to be able to reproduce in areas where water is consistently or transiently pooled either by natural or artificial forces.  Unemptied baby pools, open containers (of any kind), and areas in which water can become still and/or linger, are just a few examples of environments in which mosquitoes can proliferate.  Unsafe and unrestricted proliferation of mosquitoes in residential areas can pose a serious threat to your family, your pets, and yourself which may result in illness or death.

To reduce the risk factors of acquiring a potentially deadly mosquito-borne disease, please review the suggestions below.  The following list identifies areas of concern and actions which may be taken to reduce or eliminate water-holding containers and inhibit areas of free-standing, stagnant, and/or still water sites on residential properties.


  • Empty or dispose of potential water holding containers.
    • Examples: cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots, buckets, garbage receptacles.
  • Keep garbage can lids sealed.
  • Change bird bath water frequently.
  • Completely empty baby pools after each use and after rain fall!
  • Safely remove stagnant water that has collected on pool covers.
  • Ensure routine maintenance of swimming pools.
    • Remember: Vacations are great, but returning home to a yard infested with mosquitoes isn’t.  Planning for vacation should include pool maintenance plans!
  • Do not allow water to collect on tarps of any kind. (Try creating a sloping effect when using tarps, so water may drain off naturally.)
  • Clean roof gutters!!
  • Do not over water your lawn.  Over saturated subtle uneven areas of land can pool with just enough water to offer mosquitoes a new place to take up residence.
  • Ensure all windows and doors have screens.  (Routinely check screens ensuring they are still in good working order, this helps prevent mosquitoes from entering the home.)
  • Wear protective clothing around dawn and dusk such as: long sleeve shirts and full length pants if you go outside.
  • Use mosquito repellents.  They can provide an additional defense against insect bites.  Repellants should only be used only as directed.  Remember to always carefully read any and all instructions and information provided by the manufacturer prior to use/administration, especially if children are involved!



Information Presented Above from:

The Livingston Health Department Nursing Division in conjunction with from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  The original Joint Statement on Mosquito Control in the United States from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is available at:


For Additional Local Resources on Mosquito Control:

The Essex County Mosquito Control

(973) 239-0342 ex 2430